Gandhi-Biography---ILHMohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Revered the world over for his nonviolent philosophy of passive resistance, Gandhi was also known to his many followers as Mahatma, or “the great-souled one.” He began his activism as an Indian immigrant in South Africa in the early 1900s, and in the years following World War I became the leading figure in India’s struggle to gain independence from Great Britain. Known for his ascetic lifestyle and devout Hindu faith, Gandhi was imprisoned several times during his pursuit of non-cooperation, and undertook a number of hunger strikes to protest the oppression of India’s poorest classes, among other injustices. In 1948, Gandhi was shot to death in Delhi by a Hindu fundamentalist.

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