Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian and leader of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He was famous for using nonviolent resistance protests to overcome injustice and end racial segregation – actions which prompted him to getting arrested at least thirty times. In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize as the youngest person ever to receive the honor. He was assassinated in Memphis when he was just 39 years old. His birthday is now observed as a national holiday on the third Monday in January. He is regarded as one if the most important and effective agents for social change in history.