Chandra Mohan Jain (December 11, 1931 – January 19, 1990), also known as Acharya Rajneesh, Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, and Osho, was an Indian mystic, guru and spiritual teacher. A professor of philosophy, he traveled throughout India during the 1960s as a public speaker. His outspoken criticism of politicians and the political mind, Mahatma Gandhi and institutionalised religion made him controversial. His syncretic teachings emphasize the importance of meditation, awareness, love, celebration, courage, creativity and humor – qualities he viewed were suppressed by the adherence to static belief systems, religious tradition and socialization. His popularity and influence on the Western spirituality and New Age thought have increased since his death.