Mawlānā Jalāl-ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī (September 30, 1207 – December 17, 1273), also known to the English-speaking world simply as Rumi, was a 13th century Persian poet, Islamic jurist, and theologian. Rumi is a descriptive name meaning “the Roman” since he lived most parts of his life in Anatolia – which had been part of the Roman Empire until the Seljuq conquest two centuries earlier. Although Rumi’s works were written in Persian, Rumi’s importance is considered to transcend national and ethnic borders. His original works are widely read in the original language across the Persian-speaking world. Translations of his works are very popular in South Asian, Turkic, Arab and Western countries. His poetry has influenced Persian, Urdu, Bengali and Turkish literature. BBC News has described him as the “most popular poet in America”.